1937 Creating a New Shanghai after the War Commemorative Medal/1937年戰後創造新上海紀念章

Obviously this badge was designed after the order of Striped Tiger.

Because of the positioning of the yin-yang symbol it looks like a Shinminkai award https://asiamedals.info/threads/new...he-republic-of-china-shinminkai-badges.26468/ but since New People's Society of the Republic of China /Shinminkai/ was established only on December 24, 1937 this award was issued by the Great Way Municipal Government of Shanghai.

Badge of New  People's Society of the Republic of China (Shinminkai).jpg

In the center

戰後創造新上海紀念章 - Creating a New Shanghai after the War Commemorative Medal

十一月十七日 - November 17 [1937]

Badge of  New  People's Society of the Republic of China (Shinminkai).jpg


丁丑 - fourteenth of the sexagenary cycle (Feb 11 1937 – Jan 30 1938), 丁 = Yin Fire 丑 = Ox

Stamped with number 117 and silver hallmark 紋銀 - Fine Silver (During the Ming dynasty mark 紋銀 "Wen Yin" usually meant the purity of the silver 0.98 /98%/ or higher. Qing Imperial government ruled that item silver purity must be at least 0.935374 /93.5374%/ to be marked as 紋銀, Later mark 紋銀 became sterling 0.925 pure silver).
The Great Way or Dadao Government, formally the Great Way Municipal Government of Shanghai, was a short-lived puppet government proclaimed in Pudong on December 5, 1937, to administer Japanese-occupied Shanghai in the early stages of the Second Sino-Japanese War.​


Flag of the Dadao Municipal Government of Shanghai.

Following the Battle of Shanghai of 1937, the cabinet of Japanese Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe pushed for a quick and diplomatic settlement to the war in China, and not an expensive and long-term occupation (see Trautmann mediation). Furthermore, the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters was not keen to permit a repeat of the political experimentation undertaken by the Kwangtung Army in the establishment of Manchukuo, and pressured the Japanese Central China Area Army to establish a collaborationist local government to handle the details of local administration for the Shanghai metropolitan area.

In November 1937, a number of well-known residents were approached to take over provisional civilian administration of the city. Eventually, the Japanese were able to secure the assistance of Fu Xiao'an (傅筱庵), the wealthy director of the Chinese Bank of Commerce and head of the Shanghai General Chamber of Commerce. Fu was a personal and political enemy of Nationalist general and de facto leader Chiang Kai-shek and had been imprisoned by the Kuomintang in 1927 for refusing to lend Chiang money. After his release from prison, he fled to Kwantung Leased Territory (modern Lüshunkou, Dalian), and lived several years under Japanese protection, nursing his hatred for Chiang.

However, Fu was unwilling to head the new government himself, and recommended Su Xiwen, a professor of religious philosophy and political science at the Chizhi University in Jiangwan. Su was a graduate of Waseda University in Tokyo and was known for his conservative political views. Su was also known for his views on Buddhist-Daoist syncretism, which influenced the name of the new administration—the "Great Way" referring to Eastern philosophy's concept of the Tao—and its flag: the yin-yang symbol of Daoism on a yellow background. (The colors yellow, gold, and saffron are often associated with Buddhism.) Later New People's Society of the Republic of China /Shinminkai/ will be using similar flag https://asiamedals.info/threads/new...he-republic-of-china-shinminkai-badges.26468/

The new government quickly made efforts to restore the city's public services and established a police force under the command of Zhang Songlin, former commander of the Jiangsu provincial police, to maintain public order. Funding was provided by a tax levied on all imports and exports through the Japanese front lines into and out of Shanghai, and Su was assisted by a number of experts provided by the South Manchurian Railroad Company. Su promised to purge the city of both communist and Kuomintang elements. However, neither Su nor his Great Way Government were regarded seriously by Japanese political agents, who looked with dismay and contempt at the assortment of criminals, religious cultists, and narcotics dealers who gravitated to leading positions in the new administration. The promised public works failed to materialize as Su's cronies siphoned off funds, and the propaganda value of the new administration quickly deteriorated. In December 1937, the Japanese brought in a tough northern Chinese collaborator named Wang Zihui to oversee operations as a temporary measure.

After Liang Hongzhi established the Reformed Government of the Republic of China in Nanjing, occupied Nationalist capital in March 1938, the Japanese Central China Area Army organized a number of public rallies and ceremonies in support. In less than a month, the Reformed Government asserted its authority over the Great Way Government by establishing a Supervisory Yamen to take over the functions of the Shanghai municipal administration. Su Xiwen formally recognized the Reform Government and adopting its flag on May 3, 1938.

Under the Reformed Government, Su Xiwen continued as head of the Supervisory Yamen until he was replaced by Fu Xiao'an as mayor on October 16, 1938.​
"On December 5 1937, Su Xiwen, a Waseda (Waseda University, Japan)-educated philosopher, inaugurated "the Great Way" (the Dadao) puppet municipal government of Shanghai. Su has taught political theory at the private Chizhi Univeristy in Jiangwan. His Buddhist-Daoist syncretism ("All under heaven one family / Myriad laws revert to one") influenced the Great Way government's choice of flag, which is a taiji (=yin-yang) symbol on a yellow background. [...]

In truth, the Dadao puppet government was short-lived, at least in nomenclature. The malodorous characteristics of its leading members, a potpourri of Venerable Mother religious cultists, smugglers, gamblers, narcotics dealers, panderers, and former rickshaw pullers, were liability enough. But just as damaging was the Japanese handlers' contempt for Su Xiwen, whose philosophizing was not taken very seriously after the Special Services brought in a tough north China hanjian (collaborationist) named Wang Zihui to run their Shanghai operations.

[...] Consequently, after the puppet administration in north China was incorporated in January into a single provisional government, in South China a "Reform Government" was set up in March 1938 in Nanjing headed by Liang Hongzhi.

[...] Shanghai sympathizers [...] tepidly celebrated the establishment of the Reform Government on March 28, 1938. The puppet Self-Government Committee held one meeting in the Confucian Temple where, under the old five-bar national flag of the Beiyang warlords

[...] Within a month, on April 28, 1938, the Reform Government has commissioned a Supervisionary Yamen to take over the functions of municipal administration formerly wielded by the Dadao puppet regime. Su Xiwen formally recognized the superior legitimacy of the Reform Government by adopting its flag in May 3..."​

Source: Becoming Chinese: Passages to Modernity and Beyond (edited by Wen-hsin Yeh, University of California Press, 2000), p. 306-307.​

Becoming Chinese Passages to Modernity and Beyond.jpg
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    1937 creating a new shanghai after the war medal 1937年戰後創造新上海紀念章 dadao government badge dadao government medal dadao municipal government of shanghai medal great way municipal government of shanghai badge great way municipal government of shanghai medal japanese puppet state badge japanese puppet state medal 戰後創造新上海紀念章
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