1931 Hiratsuka Naval Ammunitions Arsenal Sport Association Award Watch Fob/昭和六年平塚海軍火薬廠体育會賞章

Size 40 × 25 mm.

1931 Hiratsuka Naval Ammunitions Arsenal Sport Association.jpg


- Award


海軍火薬廠 - Naval Ammunitions Arsenal

体育會 - Sport Association

昭和六年 - 1931

The Hiratsuka Naval Ammunitions Arsenal /平塚海軍火薬廠, Hiratsuka Kaigun Kayaku Shō/ was the principal manufacturer of gunpowder, explosives, ammunition and artillery shells for the Imperial Japanese Navy. It was located in the town of Ōno (now part of the city of Hiratsuka), Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. The Hiratsuka Naval Ammunitions Arsenal was initially established as a private joint venture enterprise by the foreign firms of Armstrong Whitworth, Nobel, and Vickers in September 1905. All three companies were very active in the supply of weaponry for warships to the early Imperial Japanese Navy. The plant was purchased by the Navy in April 1919 and came under the operational control of the Imperial Japanese Navy Technical Department. Its facilities were greatly expanded from 1939–1941 due to the military buildup before the start of the Pacific War.

The facilities consisted of seven plants:

Smokeless powder for rockets and artillery
Nitrocellulose and mixed acids production
Various acids and hydrogen production
Design and engineering, prototype development
Machine gun ammunition production, solvent recovery
Naval artillery shells
Nitroglycerin production

On the night of July 16, 1945, the facilities were attacked by 138 B-29 Superfortress bombers of the USAAF 20th Air Force, 314th Bombardment Wing which dropped a total of 1163 tons of incendiary bombs on the city, destroying most of the city center. Only 5% of the capacity of the Imperial Japanese Navy Ammunition Arsenal was affected, as the bombing was concentrated on Hiratsuka's civilian population center, rather than the military industries located on the outskirts of town. However, production was almost non-existent by July 1945 due to a lack of raw materials. The plant ceased operation with the surrender of Japan in August 1945 and was officially closed on November 30, 1945. The facilities were occupied by American troops until the end of 1950.​
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    1931 hiratsuka naval ammunitions arsenal badge 1931年平塚海軍火薬廠体育會賞章 hiratsuka naval ammunitions arsenal watch fob imperial japanese navy arsenal badge imperial japanese navy arsenal watch fob japanese naval ammunitions arsenal badge japanese naval ammunitions arsenal watch fob japanese sport association award watch fob 昭和六年平塚海軍火薬廠体育會賞章
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